In this section, you will find documents helpful in preparing your proposal submission. This includes templates, budgetary information, and hints for strong proposal writing.
It will also be useful to review archived Calls under each grants program section, grantwriting webinars, reporting expectations and materials and the subaward process for current grantees.
Submitted proposals that fulfill the submission requirements will undergo the evaluation of a Technical Review Panel - researchers, educators, and agricultural producers- following the scoring review criteria included in the Call for Proposal. The Technical Review Panel ranks and provides recommendations of proposals. The Western SARE Administrative Council selects the proposals to be funded during its winter and summer meetings. You will be notified of the status of your submission shortly after the final selection.
- Budgetary Details
- Indirect Cost Guide
- Gantt Chart and Time Table
- Successful Objectives
- Logic Models
- Animal Welfare Guidelines and Assurance Statement
- Signature Page
- Obtaining a Unique Entity Identifier
- Conflict of Interest
- Note to Applicants Under College of Micronesia
- Industrial Hemp FAQs
Western SARE is a federally funded USDA-NIFA program hosted by Montana State University (MSU). As stewards of these federal funds, Western SARE/MSU staff review proposed project costs to make certain they are reasonable, allocable and allowable per Title 2: 2 CFR Part 200 - Uniform Administrative Requirements, Cost Principles, and Audit Requirements for Federal Awards. Please see the Electronic Code of Federal Regulations (e-CFR).
To help in the review of proposal budgets, as well as to expedite the award process, applicants must submit a detailed line-item project budget and Budget Justification that provides narrative details for each proposed line-item cost. All items should be described in the Budget Justification in sufficient detail that would enable Western SARE to determine that the costs are reasonable and allowable for the project per the Code of Federal Regulations referenced above. Please note, applicants are required to use the Western SARE Budget Worksheets provided in the online proposal platform for the grant program to which they are applying – no other budget template will be accepted. Please review the Western SARE Budget Categories and Guidance document to learn about the Western SARE – and MSU – approved budget categories.
Additionally, MSU, as well as all recipients of Western SARE grants (subrecipients) are held to the same Research Terms and Conditions and NIFA Agency Specific Terms and Conditions.
Complimentary to the Code of Federal Regulations and the Agency Specific Terms and Conditions, the NIFA Federal Assistance Policy Guide also provides direction for recipients of NIFA-funded grants.
Indirect Cost Recovery Guidance
The information that follows should serve as a guide for understanding and calculating Indirect Cost (IDC) Recovery (also commonly referred to as F&A or Facilities & Administrative costs) as a part of the proposed budget. Please note: these guidelines apply to all Western SARE grant opportunities (Research & Education; Sabbatical Research & Education; Professional + Producer; Graduate Student Grants in Sustainable Agriculture; Professional Development Program Grants; Research to Grass Roots; and, State Implementation) with the exception of Farmer and Rancher Grants (all funds go directly to the producer; therefore, IDC recovery is not allowed).
USDA NIFA may apply legislative limits on IDC recovery for its various programs. Under the SARE program and for projects funded in 2022 or later, NIFA states IDCs may not exceed 10% of the Total Direct Costs (TDC) requested. Note: the 10% TDC limit is a cap on the portion of an applicant’s budget that may be requested for IDCs; it is not an IDC rate.
For Western SARE grant recipients between 2019 – 2021, please refer to the IDC guide that applies to your award.
When applying for a Western SARE grant, please be aware there are three IDC recovery scenarios. Only one scenario will apply to the applicant and is dependent upon whether the applicant’s organization has a Federally Negotiated Indirect Cost Rate Agreement (NICRA).
Entity Applicants with a NICRA:
For entities that have a NICRA, IDCs MUST be calculated at a rate of 10% of Total Direct Costs (TDC). This is the maximum indirect cost recovery (IDC cap) allowed under the SARE program per USDA/NIFA. The 10% TDC IDC cap should be applied consistently to both the primary applicant and any proposed lower-tier subrecipients; therefore, include the total costs of any/all proposed lower-tier subawards in the IDC recovery base.
Non-Federal Entity Applicants without a NICRA:
Per Federal Uniform Guidance, non-Federal entities that have never had a NICRA, or previously had a NICRA but it is no longer in effect, may claim up to 10% of modified total direct costs (MTDC) as de minimis to cover overhead. MTDC includes all direct costs except for the following: the amount of each lower-tier subaward that exceeds $25,000 and participant/trainee support costs. Alternatively, an entity without a NICRA may decline IDC recovery entirely (i.e., requesting the 10% de minimis is not required).
Example: The CFP states applicants may request up to $75,000 total costs. The PI’s organization does not have a NICRA and will request the 10% de minimis rate as IDC recovery.
Salaries & Fringe 30,000
Supplies & Materials 4,645
Contracted Services 2,000
LT Subaward to X Organization 29,000
Total Direct Costs Requested $68,545
MTDC $64,545 ($68,545 – $4,000 for the portion of the subaward in excess of $25K)
IDCs Requested $6,455 ($64,545 x .10)
Total Costs Requested $68,545 TDC
$75,000 Total Costs
CFP Call for Proposals
IDCs Indirect Costs (also known as F&A – Facilities & Administrative Costs)
MTDC Modified Total Direct Costs
NICRA (Federally) Negotiated Indirect Cost Rate Agreement
TDC Total Direct Costs
Gantt Chart and Time Table
A Gantt chart is a method of showing tasks or events over a specific timespan. On the left of the chart is a list of the specific activities and along the top is a suitable time scale. Each activity is represented by a bar. The position and length of the bar reflects the start date, the length of an activity and the end date.
A good Gantt chart allows you to see the following:
- A list of activities
- When each activity begins and ends
- How long each activity is scheduled to last
- Where activities overlap with each other.
- The start and end date of the entire project
- A Gantt chart shows what is to be done and when it is to be done.
Simple Gantt charts are easy to make using spreadsheet software like Excel.
Find sample charts and more information.
An objective is a statement in specific and measurable terms that describes what you intend to achieve.
What specifically is to be achieved? What results are to be achieved through the proposed actions? Keeping objectives simple ensures they are clear and specific. This also reduces the chance for disputes or confusion for reviewers. Complex objectives should be broken into sub-objectives. This allows individuals to focus their efforts and guides them in marshaling the resources necessary to achieve results.
How will you know how when an objective has been achieved? Some objectives can be measured quantitatively; others must be measured qualitatively. What data will be used to measure/track if the objectives are being accomplished?
Accountability for performance objectives must specifically state who is accountable. A clear explanation of what is to be done will help reduce confusion for reviewers. Defining accountability will ensure a sense of urgency and purpose on the part of the proposal.
For an objective to be meaningful, it must be realistic and reasonable. A well written performance objective focuses on the goals required to meet the objective. Objectives should challenge the project team toward continuous accomplishment, but should not be unrealistic or unattainable.
An achievable time frame must be set for reaching each objective. Consider assigning specific target dates not only for the performance objective itself, but also for each lesser milestone. Remember to be specific toward achieving results, and guide action in a results-oriented way toward the objective.
PDP Logic Model
Research and Education Logic Model (this model is used for R&E, Farmer/Rancher, Professional + Producer, and Graduate Student proposals)
Animal Welfare Guidelines and Assurance Statement
Please review the Guide for the Care and Use of Agricultural Animals in Research and Teaching.
Please download the Animal Care Questionnaire for your proposal.
Please download this signature page for your proposal. This document is not required for Farmer/Rancher proposals.
Obtaining a Unique Entity Identifier
Should your proposal be funded, please be advised: any entity receiving Federal Funds in any amount is required by the Federal Government to obtain a Unique Entity Identifier (UEI) from the System for Award Management (SAM). If you have previously registered with SAM, and your registration is active, you will have automatically been assigned a UEI by SAM. If you have not previously registered, a UEI can be obtained at no-cost by visiting SAM.gov.
A UEI is required before we can establish your Subaward Agreement or Subaward Service Agreement; therefore, we encourage you to begin the process as soon as you learn your proposal will be funded. Please note: the UEI is NOT required to APPLY for a Western SARE grant.
For your convenience, please review the SAM.gov Quick Start Guide for Grantee Registrations.
If you have questions, please contact email@example.com.
Conflict of Interest
Please download this Conflict of Interest statement
Special Farmer/Rancher Note: Yap, Chuuk, Pohnpei, Kosrae, Marshall Islands, and Palau
Due to special restrictions placed upon the island groups within the land grant administration of the College of Micronesia (Yap, Chuuk, Pohnpei, Kosrae, Marshall Islands, and Palau), all Farmer/Rancher grant proposals must be submitted under the direction of a Principal Investigator from the College of Micronesia. This requirement allows the land grant Dean and Director at the College of Micronesia to have adequate fiscal and audit controls on these funds.
- For these special types of Farmer/Rancher grants, there would be no additional technical adviser, but this person associated with the College of Micronesia would become the Principal Investigator.
- These special types of Farmer/Rancher grants will be administered as a Professional + Producer grant and handled as progress payment. This means Indirect Costs can be charged by the College of Micronesia and should be included in the budget of the proposed project.
- For these special types of Farmer/Rancher grants, requirements that exist in the Farmer/Rancher Call for Proposal apply, such as up to $20,000 per proposal is allowed for a single producer and up to $25,000 for three or more producers.
It is important to remind those from the Pacific insular area (specifically those on Yap, Chuuk, Pohnpei, Kosrae, Marshall Islands, and Palau) that although this requirement applies to Farmer/Rancher grants, these same island groups are fully authorized to submit regular Professional + Producer, PDP Competitive, and Research and Education proposals.